11 MERCATOR, G. / HONDIUS, J. Guineae Nova Descriptio. Amsterdam, 1628. Beau col. d'époque. Bel exemplaire. - A good and strong impression. Paper slightly age-toned. Altogether in very good condition. Wide margins. In attractive strong original colours. 346 x 495 mm.
¤ La carte figure la côte ouest-africaine depuis le Sénégal jusqu‘au Cap Lopez dans le golfe de Guinée. L’île de St. Thomae (Sao Tomé), aujourd'hui portugaise, est représentée en détails dans un cartouche en bas à gauche.
The map shows the West African coast from Senegal (the 'Rio Senega' is the Senegal River) to Cape Lopez on the Gulf of Guinea just below the equator.
The island of St. Thomae, which today forms a Portuguese province, is shown in detail in the small inset bottom left. Part of Libya is also depicted.
The ocean is rendered in the typical moiré style of Mercator, and the several strapwork designs are simple yet imposing.
Mercator was born in Rupelmonde in Flanders and studied in Louvain under Gemma Frisius, Dutch writer, astronomer and mathematician. The excellence of his work brought him the patronage of Charles V, but in spite of his favor with the Emperor he was caught up in the persecution of Lutheran protestants and charged with heresy, fortunately without serious consequences. No doubt the fear of further persecution influenced his move in 1552 to Duisburg, where he continued the production of maps, globes and instruments.
Mercator's sons and grandsons, were all cartographers and made their contributions in various ways to his atlas. Rumold, in particular, was responsible for the complete edition in 1595. The map plates were bought in 1604 by Jodocus Hondius who, with his sons, Jodocus II and Henricus, published enlarged editions which dominated the map market for the following twenty to thirty years. - Norwich, Maps of Africa, number 316.