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Expert : Béatrice Loeb-Larocque

Vente Publique
Versailles - France - 9 Mars 2003
Résultat : 30.000 Euros

Paire de globes céleste et terrestre. Cassini globe English version

Cassini, Giovanni Maria (1754-1824).

   

Paire de globes céleste et terrestre.

Cassini, Giovanni Maria (1754-1824).

Paire de globes céleste et terrestre. Globe Terrestre Delineato Sulle ulteme osservazioni. Con i viaggi e nuove scoperte di Cap. Cook inglese. Globo Celeste. Rome, globe terrestre daté 1790, céleste 1792.

Italie, fin XVIIIe ou début XIXe.

Hauteur : 59 cm. Diamètre de chaque globe : 33 cm.

Chaque globe est constitué de 12 fuseaux gravés et coloriés à la main, avec leurs calottes pôlaires. Le cercle méridien est gravé sur papier et appliqué sur bois, les tables d'horizon composées de graduations du zodiac et du calendrier sont appliquées sur un cercle hoctogonal de bois fruitier.

Chaque sphère repose sur un cercle hoctogonal en bois fruitier à pieds tournés et entretoises en balustres.

Bon état malgré quelques restaurations, impression bien contrastée, limites en coloris ancien quelque peu estompé et retouché. Les calottes pôlaires sont restaurées avec quelques manques renforcés et habilement redessinés. Les graduations gravées recouvrant les tables d'horizon ont été, en majeure partie, restaurées et redessinées récemment.

La production de globes en Italie se résume à trois principales figures : M. Greuter, Vincenzo Coronelli et G M Cassini, nés respectivement au milieu de trois siècles différents, les 16ème, 17ème et 18ème. GM Cassini apprend son métier de dessinateur auprès de G. Piranesi et entreprend sa carrière de cartographe en 1787. Il réalise les taille douces de l’atlas romain intitulé Nuovo Atlante Geographico universale réalisées entre 1788 et 1791. De même que Coronelli dans son L ivro dei Globi et contrairement à la plupart des facteurs de globe qui conservaient jalousement leurs fuseaux imprimés pour éviter les copies, Cassini à partir de 1792 favorisa la fabrication de ses globes par la vente du Nuovo Atlante ou même par l’achat des fuseaux en feuilles séparées.

Globe similaire (globe céleste) au : Museo della Specola, Bologna.

Estimation  EURO 30.000 - 35.000

 

Pair of terrestrial and celestial globes by G.M. Cassini, diameter 33cm, height with stand 59cm.

Rome, terrestrial dated 1790, celestial 1792. Each globe covered by 12 printed, hand-coloured, gores, with polar calottes. The meridian circle, paper laid on wood, the horizon ring with zodiac and calendar scales on a octagonal frame supported on fruit-wood stand, the four legs united by cross-strechers carrying the centrepost.

The globes are in good condition, some imperfections are restored, but generally the globes are good and dark impressions with some remains of old out-line colour. The polar calottes are restored and small missing parts of paper are re-inforced and carefully re-drawn.

The wooden horizon rings are covered by printed zodiac and calendar scales, unfortunatally the imprints are somewhat poor impressions and on many places the names, scales and cartouches are during the recent restoration process  re-drawn.

Estimate EURO 30.000 - 35.000

 

The title of the celestial globe reads as follows:

GLOBO TERRESTRE
delineato sulle ultime osservazioni
Con i Viaggi e nuove scoperte
del Cap. Cook inglese.
IN ROMA Presso la Calcogafia Cam.le
1790
Gio. M.a Cassini C.R.S. inc.

One of the inscriptions also carries a table presenting the length of the terrestrial great circle in 14 different units. The globes shows the track of Captain Cook.

 

 

The title of the celestial globe reads as follows:

GLOBO CELESTE
calcolato peril corrente anno sull
osservazioni de Sigg. Flamsteed
e de la Caille
ROMA Presso da  Cale.le 1792
Ineisso P.Gio. M.a Cassini C.R.S.

The gores are engraved with the classical constellations in figured forms and with the more recently defined star groups of the southern hemisphere. The globe is designed on a traditional external perspective and uses the nomenclature of the French edition of Flamsteed’s star atlas published in 1776. Cassini has copied various other mapmaker’s works and introduces errors, showing "Il Dorado" constellation as a swordfish, instead of a goldfish, for instance. Dahl and Gauvin comment of Cassini "His globes are idiosyncratic, containing elements that reflect academic learning and scientific rigour, yet at the same time are concerned with what was politically and religiously appropriate, and consequently introduced elements that were foreign to science per se."

Ref.: Dahl & Gauvin, Sphaerae Mundi Early Globes At The Stewart Museum, p.131-134.

 

 

Giovanni Maria Cassini (1745-1812)

Cassini was a cartographer and publisher in Rome in the late 18th and early 19th century. He was one of Giovanni Battista Piranesi’s best disciples and one of Italy’s last globe-makers in the XVIIIth century. His globes enjoyed widespread success as too did his Nuovo Atlante geografico delineato sulle ultime osservazioni, published in Rome from 1702 until 1801.

This important atlas Nuovo Atlante includes gores for a pair of 33cm globes. Cassini globes are found either mounted up from the gores or presumably mounted from Cassini himself.

Similair globes are to be found in:

Museo della Specola, Bologna (Celestial, however equator, the tropics, the polar circles and the ecliptic are all in manuscript);

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