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MAPPEMONDES - CONTINENTS - CARTES CÉLESTES - PÔLES


Mappemondes


38 ARIAS MONTANUS, B. Benedict Arias Montanus Sacrae Geographiae Tabulam Ex Antwerp, 1583. Uncoloured A good and dark impression, short margins. Some remains of old foldings. 330 x 505 mm.
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¤ World map prepared for the famous "Polyglot" Bible, printed by the famous Plantin firm and prepared under the direction of Philip II of Spain. The world map is well-known for its showing the dispersion of the tribes of Israel and for its high level of engraving quality. The world map is of geographic significance for its apparent depiction of the north coast of Australia four decades before its "discovery," a feature which has caused considerable controversy among historians.

This is the second state of the first plate with "gentes" added to the plate.
The map features some very interesting cartography based on Gastaldi - with North America and Asia linked by a prominent land bridge. The double hemispheres are surrounded by strapwork cartouches containing text in both Hebrew and Latin, and is adorned with windheads, sailing ships, and sea monsters. - Shirley, World, 125.



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39 PORCACCHI, T. Descittione del Mappamondo Venice, ca.1586. Coloured. Good. 70 x 140 mm.
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¤ A fine miniature oval map of the world engraved by Girolamo Porro. It is a reduction of Giovanni Francesco Camocio's superb large map of 1567, one of the last in the long line of derivatives from Gastaldi's prototype of 1546. North America is separated from Asia by a narrow straight with Giapan (Japan) located just south of this straight.
This is a very uncommon edition from the second plate with the shading under Terra Incognita composed of horizontal lines instead of the short vertical lines in the earlier (1572) plate. On a full sheet of Italian text with text below and the title above. - Shirley, World, 154



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40 DUVAL, P. Le Monde en Planisphere.. Paris, 1676. Uncoloured. Very good and dark impression. 104 x 128 mm.
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¤ Uncommon miniature map of the World showing California as an island, from Pierre Duval's "La Geographie Universeille" dated 1676. Following his "Cartes de geographie in 1657, Pierre Duval published this smaller size atlas which contains a larger quantity of maps. The maps in the atlas appear to be derived from those of his uncle Nicolas Sanson. - Shirley, World 405.



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41 VISSCHER, N. Novissima Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula, Auctore Nicolao Visscher. Amsterdam, 1679. Col. Habiles restaurations notamment dans les marges, pli central consolidé, infimes traces de rousseurs. - Full colour, carefully restored at lower part centerfold. Generally in good condition. 430 x 535 mm.
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¤ Superbe et rare mappemonde attribuée à N. Visscher II, ornée de scènes représentant les différents signes du zodiac.

- Rare world map showing California as an island. This map may well have been produced by Nicolaas Visscher II. Geographically it is almost identical to the Visscher-Berchem map of 1658, the only difference being the reduced extent of Anian in the smaller north pole projection at the center top. The surrounding decoration is however quite different from Visscher's earlier map. In the corners are vivid scenes showing the various signs of the zodiac accompanied by cherubs and other heavenly figures. - Shirley, 486.



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42 DE WIT, F. Nova Orbis Tabula in Lucem edita A.F.de Wit. Amsterdam, 1680. In attractive original colours. Repair of split lower part center fold, 4cm. Into engraved area. Paper slightly age-toned. 479 x 562 mm.
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¤ According to Shirley, De Wit's map is one of the most attractive of its time. The brilliant scenes in the corners combine images of the four seasons, the elements and the signs of the zodiac in a well-balanced and natural way.
The uncommon fiest state without the outer border, and the cusps are blank. Shirley, World 451.



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43 CORONELLI, V. / DE TILLEMONT. / NOLIN. Le Globe Terrestre Represente en Devx Plans Hemispheres, Et Paris 1690. Coloured. Some rimpling along centerfold and on the left part of the map. Repair of split and tear lower part centerfold 9cm and 3cm respectively into the engraved area. Localised paper thinness.
Good condition. 458 x 600 mm.
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¤ Coronelli, Vincenzo M. / De Tillemont. c.1690. Le Globe Terrestre Represente en Devx Plans Hemispheres, Et en Diverses Avtres Figvres. 18 x 23 1/2. Very light blemish from printers ink, which does not distract from the strength of the image, otherwise fine condition. A beautifully decorative 17th Century world map. De Tillemont often worked with Coronelli and this world map is based on the information of both men.
The map features two principal hemispheres and 8 smaller projections. California is shown as an island with the indented northern coastline. Australia's eastern coastline is left undefined. The South Pacific features a few other undefined coastlines, including New Zealand. The Mississippi River is noted in North America. Geographically, the map tends to follow Coronelli's globe of 1688. One noticeable addition to the world map is the Solomon Islands in the Pacific. From Shirley: The engraving is commendably precise and clear. - Shirley,The Mapping of the World: #546. Plate 381.



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44 JAILLOT, A.H. Nova Orbis Tabula, adusum Serenissimi Burgundiae. . . Paris, 1694. Beau col. Repair of split upper and lower part centerfold 7cm. Into engraved area. Right hand margin cut close, re-inforced. 490 x 612 mm.
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¤ The decorative world map was prepared by Hubert Jaillot for his 'Atlas Royal' which was first published by de Fer in 1695. Eight large allegorical figures are shown each with symbols of governance and the arts or against a background representing the four continents. California is shown as an island and "Terre De Iesso ou Ieco" occupies the North Pacific.
In the eighteenth century Jaillot's plates came into the hands of the Ottens brothers who published the world map under their imprint. In 1792 there was the final re-issue by J.B.Elwe in Amsterdam. For these issues the title and decoration at the head of the map have been omitted.
The rare first edition. - Shirley, World, 561, plate 13.



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45 ZAHN, J. Tabula geographico-hydrographica motus Tom II p.132. Nuremberg, 1696. Uncoloured. Good and dark impression. 322 x 204 mm.
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¤ World map depicting ocean currents, volcanoes and deep-sea chasms. The continents are void of political detail and only major lakes, rivers and volcanoes are shown.
There are prominent Northwest and Northeast Passages and a vast southern continent. The map is based on Happel and Kircher's theories.
From his "Mundus Mirabilis".
Johann Zahn (1631-1707) was a philosopher of the Praemonstratensian order in Wurzburg, he wrote a number of pseudo-scientific works accompanied by engravings of the highest standard. His work was produced during a period of history known as the "Enlightenment" when scientific experimentation and philosophical debate were encouraged by a European nobility hungry for new knowledge. ¤



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46 SANSON, N. Orbis Vetus, et.. Auctore N.Sanson.. Venice 1704. Limites en col. ancien. A fine copy. Contemporarily laid down on a large sheet of paper. 380 x 537 mm.
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¤ Nicolas Sanson's map of the ancient world, engraved by Jean Somer Pruthenus was issued separately in 1657 before being incorporated in the first formal edition of Sanson's world atlas in 1658. Here in a rare edition with imprint "Lutetiae Parisiorum Apud Autorem Cum Privilegio Regis, ad Vicennium 1704". The map is in two hemispheres with no external decoration: the Eastern Hemisphere is shown with classical nomenclature and the western with a few mythical place names. Note the extensive northern landmass of Jesso. Showing California as an island. Shirley does not mention this edition. - Shirley, World, 400.



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47 FER,N. De Mappe-Monde ou carte Universelle.. Paris, 1705. In original o/l colours. Wide margins. Good and dark impression. 226 x 338 mm.
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¤ Uncommon world map in Mercator's projection, which first appeared in De Fer's Atlas Curieux.
Showing California as an island. Engraved by C.Inselin.
Shows the explorer's routes around the world and a host of other interesting features, including incomplete coastlines for New Zealand and Australia and a the NW Coast of America, hidden behind it's decorative title cartouche.
The map has an updated privilege to the King, "1705", another more common edition is known with the date 1702.



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48 ROSACCIO / SESSA heirs. Orbis Terrae compendiosa descriptio. Venise 1598/1713. Uncoloured. In very good condition. Dark impresion. Printed on thin paper. 172 x 247 mm.
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¤ Modern world map by Rosaccio, consisting of two hemispheres enclosed within a plain border. The engraving is sharp and neat, and is a skilful reduction of Rumold Mercator's map of 1587 but with parallel latitudinals.
In upper right hand corner ''T.2.pag.284'', meaning that this is the state from "Universus Terrarum Orbis Scriptorum", Padua 1713. - Shirley, World 217.



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49 CHIQUET, J. Le Globe Terrestre Representé en Deux Plans-Hemispheres. . . Paris, 1719. Original o/l colour. Bonne impression. Papier uniformément bruni. Décolorations légères dans la partie sup. droite. Bonne condition générale. - A good and dark impression. Paper slightly age-toned. Slight discolouration in the upper right corner of the map. Else good condition. 162 x 216 mm.
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¤ Double hémisphère d'une mappemonde décrivant l'île de la Californie et le Passage Nord ouest. Peu de détail à part la citation desnations les plus importantes.
Small double hemisphere world map featuring the Island of California and a Northwest Passage. There is little interior detail with only major nations named.
Ter. de Jesso appears off the east coast of Asia, Australia is incomplete and still attached to New Guinea, the west coast of New Zealand appears, and there is still a partial coastline for Terres Australes. Decorative title cartouche and French text surrounds the map.
From Le Nouveau et Curieux Atlas Geographique et Historique.. by Jacques Chiquet.
Mounted on an engraved French text sheet entitled "De la Connoissance et Termes de la Geographie."



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50 BODENEHR,G. Carta Hydrographica oder Algemeine Welt.. Augsbourg, 1720. Col. In good condition. 146 x 232 mm.
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¤ Worldmap in Mercator projection. Showing California as an island. In upper left and right hand corner two ships. The map is showing the important trade routes.



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51 BODENEHR,G. Der Neuen Welt .. Nord America und Sud America.. Augsbourg, 1720. Coloured. In good condition. 147 x 267 mm.
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¤ Two maps on one sheet, showing eastern and western hemisphere. California as an island.



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52 HOMANN, J.B. Basis Geographiae recentioris astronomica.. Nuremberg, 1740. In original o/l colours. In very good condition. With later colour addition. 485 x 577 mm.
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¤ Baroque period world map in double hemispheres showing the shapes of land masses exactly calculated from astronomical observations. Roundel vignettes show cherubs making the observations and the instruments used.
The continents are shown in outline form. In North America California is an island and there is a hint of a possible Northwest Passage from Hudson Bay to the Strait of Anian.
In the Eastern Hemisphere, Japan is shown twice. Australia connected to New Guinea.
The lower part scenes including cherubs using a variety of contemporary instruments at an observatory. In the center, a solar projector is used to measure the eclipse of the sun in the spandrel directly above. On the right, longitude is being determined by observing the transit of the moons of Jupiter in the upper left corner. Shirley refers to this map as being 'neglected' and considers it "in advance of its time." - Leighly, 166.



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53 SANSON, G. / JAILLOT, H. Mappe-Monde Geo-Hydrographique, ou Description Générale.. Paris, 1741/ c.1745. In original o/l colours. Minor spotting in the generous margins, and a neatly repaired tear along the fold, slightly affecting the cartouche at the foot. 465 x 655 mm.
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¤ MAP OF THE WORLD DEDICATED TO LOUIS XIV.
Large map of the world in two hemispheres, in a stereographic projection (each hemisphere 31.5 cm in diameter). California seems to be connected to the mainland, rather than appearing as an island, but the placement of the lettering slightly obscures the connection. The map in its first state, dated ,169, and dedicated to King Louis XIV, appears in (Antoine-)Hubert Jaillot's 1695 Atlas François. It was engraved by (Louis) Cordier. Shirley mentions states of the plate dated 1700 and 1706, but gives no locations; and Pastoureau still records the ,169, state in a copy of the 1700 edition of Jaillot's atlas. With title in a panel across the head, imprint in a decorative cartouche with mermaids and dolphins at the foot, and dedication to the (by this time deceased) King Louis XIV in a cartouche above, under the royal arms supported by 2 angels, 1 with a trumpet.
Jaillot and his heirs continued to publish his atlas with the 1700 date on the title-page for many years, and Pastoureau records copies with the Mappe-Monde, printed from the plate in the 1706 and the present 1719 states.
The original dedication to Louis XIV had conveniently said simply "Dedié au Roy" so after he died in 1715, leaving the government in the hands of the regents until Louis XV came of age in 1723, the revisors of the map let the dedication to the unnamed king stand.
The plate was apparently not revised again after 1719, but Jaillot's heirs continued to use it so that the map appears in their atlases for twenty years into the reign of Louis XV.
The literature records no copies of Jaillot's atlas later than 1738, but that date is based on the engraved date in one of the maps, so some copies recorded under that date may be somewhat later. The present copy of the "Mappe-Monde" is watermarked ,J (or I) [pillar topped by ,T,] DUPVY MOYEN|AUVERGNE 1742, = chaplet (cf. Heawood 238), and was formally bound with other maps from Jaillot's atlas with similar 1742 Dupuy watermarks, as well as other maps (with different watermarks) probably issued by Gilles Robert in the years 1742-1745.
From 1731 Jaillot's firm was in the hands of his grandson Bernard-Antoine (d. 1749). Still a good copy of an attractively decorated map of the world.
Reference: Cat. Nat. Mar. Mus. III, 240, map 70. Pastoureau, Jaillot II C-D, G & I map 1 (cf. map 1 in II A, E & F). Phillips & LeGear 534, map, this state not mentioned in Shirley (cf. 569). Lexikon Gesch. Kartographie, pp. 353-354 & 699-701.



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54 MONATH, P.C. Typus Orbis Terrarum. Nuremberg, 1758. Coloured. Repair of lower part centerfold hardly affecting the engraved area. A good and dark impression. 250 x 290 mm.
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¤ Decorative world map showing California as an island after the second Sanson model. The figures in each corner symbolise the four continents.



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55 JONGE, N. Globus terrestris, det er Jordens Klode forestillende Verdens IV Dele. Kopenhagen, 1759. In original colours. Paper slightly age-toned. In good condition. 163 x 244 mm.
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¤ Rare double hemisphere world map printed in Copenhagen. Title and many names in Danish, from " Fra Holbergs Geographie". In lower part of the map depiction of geographical elements and an interesting outline for the Australian continent.



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56 DESNOS, L.C. / DE MORNAS, B. Division Générale et Naturelle de la Terre, Suivant les Anciens. Paris, 1762. In original colours. Water stains in lower margin, just affecting printed border. In good condition. Dark impression. 385 x 540 mm.
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¤ Decorative chart showing the world as it was known by the ancients.
Left and right a box with geographical information about Europe, Asia and Africa.
Prepared by Buy de Mornas, who was a professor of geography and history and published by Louis Charles Desnos, active in Paris at rue St.Jacques.
From : Atlas Méthodique et Elémentaire de Géographie et d'Histoire Dédié a Monsieur Le Président Hénault...
Printed within a very decorative border frame (drawn and engraved by Martinet) entwined with garlands of leaves and flowers, including surveyors and draughtsman's tools e.g. triangles, compasses, rulers, telescopes, a map and globe, with a mythological figurehead crowned with leaves in top center, and the address of the publisher.
This edition with remarkable decorative borders found only in the deluxe edition.



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57 HOMANN,J.B. World map. Nuremberg, 1780. In original o/l colours. Upper margin cut short. Overall in good condition. 240 x 280 mm.
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¤ Elaborately engraved double hemisphere map, showing California as an island. Taken from the rare Atlas methodicus explorandis juvenum profectibus in studio geographico ad methodum Hubnerianam accommodatus, a Johanne Baptista Homanno, Sacrae Caesareae Majestatis Geographo. Noribergae.
One of the earliest school atlases to use a system of letters on blank maps that are coded to a separate key list.
This method was based on a teaching system formulated by Johann Hubner (1668-1731) and adapted by Homann.
Johann Baptist Homann born in Kammlach (1663). He was engraver, map-seller and geographer to the Kaiser of the Holy Roman Empire (1715). He also was member of the Prussian Royal Academy of Science.



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58 DE PAGE, P.M.F. Carte Reduite du globe Terrestre. . . Paris, ca 1782. Uncoloured. Several folds as issued. Repair of tear in the left hand side, 6 cm into the image. Upper left margin cut close to the border frame. Repair of marginal split, right border. 275 x 342 mm.
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¤ Fine world map in a Mercator projection. From Voyages autour du monde et vers les deux pôles par terre et par mer.. by Pierre Marie François vicomte de Pages (1748-1793).
Born of noble family, a French naval officer, Pierre Marie François de Pages, made a five-year voyage around the world, between 1767 and 1771. Subsequently he took part in a two year voyage to the South Pole, between 1773 and 1774.
Finally he made a trip to the North Pole in 1776. These voyages were recounted in his publication of 1782.
Scarce.



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59 MONDHARE / NOLIN,J.B. Hémisphère Oriental ou Ancien Monde. Paris, 1783. In original o/l colours. Good and dark impression, printed on strong paper. Very good condition. 225 x 188 mm.
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¤ Two sheet, together a world map in double hemisphere published by Monhare for his Atlas Général a l'usage des colleges et maisons d'education.. The hemispheres are surrounded by the moon, sun, a sphere and celestial systems after Cassini. - Philips, Atlases 4297.



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60 DESNOS / BRION Hémisphère Oriental.. Paris, 1786. In original colours. Marginal faint water stain along left & right borders. Restoration of marginal split, lower central fold. Minor Yellow spot affectinf the left text panel. Overall good condition. 282 x 481 mm.
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¤ Map of the Eastern Hemisphere, including numerous exploration routes with notation of important recent discoveries.
Australia is partially mapped and then completed into an odd shape by hachures connecting Tasmania and New Guinea.
The map is flanked by two columns of French text containing geographical information about the continents depicted. Map and border were printed from two separate plates with the text on glued down sheets, as issued.
Prepared by Louis Brion de la Tour and published by Louis Charles Desnos, active in Paris at rue St.Jacques.
From Atlas Général et Élémentaire pour l'Etude de la Géographie et de l'Histoire moderne.



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61 CLOUET, J.B.L.L'Abbe Mappemonde ou globe terestre Rouen, 1787. In original o/l colours. Backed with linen. Margins cut short to border line frame. 430 x 660 mm.
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¤ Uncommon world map with all the major early explorers. Jean Baptiste Louis Clouet (born 1730) was a member of the Academie Royale des Sciences de Rouen and the author of Geographie Moderne (1767).



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62 BASSET Mappe Monde en deux Hémisphéres, ou sont marquées les Découvertes les plus récentes .. Paris, 1795. In original colours. Right hand margin cut into the scale, and with browning. 460 x 760 mm.
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¤ Handsome twin hemisphere map with particularly nice detail of the islands throughout the world. Australia is still oddly shaped with a partially delineated southern coastline. Van Diemens Land joined.
Korea with "kin-ki-tao", a name used by the Tartars to indicate the capital of Korea.
With the tracks of Captain James Cook. Prepared by Hérisson after R.Bonne.



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63 DELAMARCHE, C. F. / ROBERT VAUGONDY, d., Gilles. MAPPE-MONDE ou CARTE GENERALE de toutes les parties du GLOBE, corrigée et augmentée des Découvertes du Cap. COOK, de celles de la PEROUSE en 1801, de VANCOUVER, de MACKENSIE en 1802 . . . Paris, 1804. Coloured. Two black ink spots in engraved area as well as margins. Repair of a split next to lower part center fold, 3cm. into engraved area. 240 x 385 mm.
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¤ World map with relief shown pictorially.of all areas of the globe discovered by Captain Cook and Pérouse in 1801 as well as by Vancouver and Mackensie in 1802.



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64 DE LAPORTE, L'Abbé. Mappe-Monde ou Description du Glôbe Terrestre . . . Paris, Prudhomme, Levrault, Debray, 1806. In original o/l colours. Some light spotting. A somewhat light impression. Else in good condition. 175 x 222 mm.
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¤ Double hemisphere map with a curious shape for Australia, from Atlas moderne portatif composé de vingt-huit cartes sur toutes les parties du globe terrestre .. A l'usage des Colléges, des Pensions & des Maisons Religieuses, etc..
First published as Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes in 1777, it was intended primarily for "la jeunesse des Colléges & des Pensions, des Maisons Religieuses, & toutes les personnes qui étudient ou enseignent la géographie," and the foreword, after noting the success of the first edition, says it has been improved with this clientele in mind. It went through at least six editions before the end of the century and at least three in the nineteenth century.
Many of the plates were revised during publication.



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65 LEVASSEUR, V. Planisphère. Paris, 1845-1860. Limites en col. d'époque. Paper very slightly age-toned. In good condition. 295 x 410 mm.
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¤ One of the last decorative maps of the area. In side panels representations of the four seasons. In original o.l. colour, from his "Atlas Universel Illustré". The map is presented on Mercator's projection and is surrounded by fine steel engravings including vignettes representing the four seasons, allegorical figures of the continents, several mythical figures, Adam and Eve and much else of interest. In North America, a very large Oregon appears on the west coast stretching from California into British Columbia. The vignettes are uncoloured, as issued.
Victor Levasseur's "Atlas National Illustre" and "Atlas Universel Illustre" are among the last great decorative atlases published.
This map comes from the Atlas National Illustre.



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66 THIERRY Mappe-Monde suivant la projection de Mercator. Paris, 1860. In original o/l colours. Repair of small split in upper part centerfold, hardly notable. A few very minor brown spots. Very good condition. 307 x 435 mm.
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¤ A fine map of the world in a Mercator projection and with Australia in the center of the map. Engraved by Thierry, rue des Mathurins St.Jacques No.1, Paris.



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67 GARNIER,F.A. Tableau synoptique et abrege du systeme magnetique Terre.. Paris, 1861. In original colours. Steel engraving in good condition. 549 x 726 mm.
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¤ Very detailed map from "Atlas Spherodidal & Universel de geographie", Prepared by F.A.Garnier and edited by Jules Renouard, rue de Tournon, Paris. Uncommon world map showing magnetic currents.



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Hémisphères célèstes


68 HOMANN, J.B. Hemisphaerium Coeli Australe. . . Nuremberg, 1730. In original o/l colours. In very good condition. With later colour addition. 495 x 590 mm.
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¤ Magnificent celestial chart drawn by the famous scientist Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr. Large circular charts of the southern hemisphere constellation, with decorative vignettes of celestial monsters and animals.
The tables along the sides identify and describe the constellations on the chart.

Doppelmayr was an astronomer of high repute. He was born at Nuremberg in 1671 and was educated at Halle University. He was a professor of mathematics in his native city for nearly fifty years, and for some time made a specialty of lunar observations' (Brown, Astronomical Atlases, Maps and Charts p. 51).
His reputation was such as to gain him memberships in the Academia Caesarea Leopoldina, the academies of Berlin and St. Petersburg, and the Royal Society of London . . . His major work is the Atlas novus coelestis . . .
Besides star charts and a selenographic map, Doppelmayr's Atlas includes diagrams illustrating the planetary systems of Copernicus, Tycho, and Riccioli. The elliptic theories of Kepler, Boulliau, Seth Ward, and Mercator. The lunar theories of Tycho, Horrocks, Newton and Halley's cometary theory.
The positions of the stars on the maps are correct for the year 1730.



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69 SEUTTER,M. Planisphaerium Coeleste. Augsburg 1730. Col. Good and dark impression on sound paper. Slight discolouration along centerfold. Very good condition. 500 x 580 mm.
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¤ Magnificent double hemisphere celestial chart showing the northern and southern sky with constellations in allegorical form derived from Hevelius.
A diagram in the upper left corner represents day and night on the earth with quotations from Genesis. The diagram at upper right shows the monthly orbit and illumination of the moon.
The five diagrams along the bottom represent the monthly orbit and illumination of the moon, and the planetary hypothesis of Tycho Brahe, Copernicus, Ptolemy, and the annual orbit of the sun and the seasons.
There is no engraver's imprint. Warner, The Sky Explored, page 245 #1.



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Pôles


70 SANSON, N. / MARIETTE, P. Les deux poles articque ou septentrional et antarcticque. Paris, 1657. Limites en col. ancien. Bel exemplaire. - A good impression. Very good. 383 x 530 mm.
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¤ Gravé par Jean Somer. - A double hemisphere map to the North and South poles. The North pole is connected to Greenland and Spitzbergen but there is little other detailed coastline in the polar area. Europe, Russia and Canada are delineated. The South pole is based on the great unknown Southland of Magellan. The tip of S. America is shown, and a large land mass which encompasses the whole of the hemisphere, but nothing else.



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Pôle nord


71 ORTELIUS, A. Islandia. Antwerp, 1603. In attractive original colours. Marginal discolouration of paper. Dutch text on verso.
Attractive original colours. 335 x 490 mm.
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¤ Perhaps the most famous map of Iceland. On the south side of the island a collection of all possible sea monsters is depicted. Polar bears on ice flows and volcanoes in the interior. On verso there is a legend, mentioning the names of these animals.
Van den Broecke estimates the number of copies printed: 3200.
The map has many sea monster, with a lettered key. The explanation is to be found on the verso of the map:
A. is a fish, commonly called NAHVAL. If anyone eats of this fish, he will die immediately. It has a tooth in the front part of its head standing out seven cubites <= fore-arms>. Divers have sold it as the Unicorn's horn. It is thought to be a good antidote and powerful medicine against poison. This monster is forty ells <= fore-arms> in length.
B. the Roider is a fish of one hundred and thirty ells in length, which has no teeth. The flesh of it is very good meat, wholesome and tasty. Its fat is good against many diseases.
C. The BURCHVALUR has a head bigger than its entire body. It has many very strong teeth, of which they make chess pieces. It is 60 cubites long.
D. The Hyena or sea hog is a monstrous kind of fish about which you may read in the 21st book of Olaus Magnus.
E. Ziphius {1606E, not in 1609S{(maybe he means Xiphius, the sword fish)}1606E, not in 1609S}, a horrible sea monster that swallows a black seal in one bite.
F. The English whale, thirty ells long. It has no teeth, but its tongue is seven ells in length.
G. HROSHUALUR, that is to say as much as Sea horse, with manes hanging down from its neck like a horse. It often causes great hurt and scare to fishermen.
H. The largest kind of Whale, which seldom shows itself. It is more like a small island than like a fish. It cannot follow or chase smaller fish because of its huge size and the weight of its body, yet it preys on many, which it catches by natural cunning and subtlety which it applies to get its food.
I. SKAUTUHVALUR. This fish is fully covered with bristles or bones. It is somewhat like a shark or skite, but infinitely bigger. When it appears, it is like an island, and with its fins it overturns boats and ships.
K. SEENAUT, sea cow of grey colour. They sometimes come out of the sea and feed on the land in groups. They have a small bag hanging by their nose with the help of which they live in the water. If it is broken, they live altogether on the land, accompanied by other cows.
L. STEIPEREIDUR, a most gentle and tame kind of whale, which for the defense of fishermen fights against other kinds of whales. It is forbidden by Proclamation that any man should kill or hurt this kind of Whale. It has a length of at least 100 cubites.
M. STAUKUL. The Dutch call it Springual. It has been observed to stand for a whole day long upright on its tail. It derives its name from its leaping or skipping. It is a very dangerous enemy of seamen and fishermen, and greedily goes after human flesh.
N. ROSTUNGER (also called Rosmar) is somewhat like a sea calf. It goes to the bottom of the sea on all four of its feet, which are very short. Its skin can hardly be penetrated by any weapon. It sleeps for twelve hours on end, hanging on some rock or cliff by its two long teeth. Each of its teeth are at least one ell long and the length of its whole body is fourteen ells.
O. Spermaceti parmacitty or a simple kind of amber, commonly called HUALAMBUR.
P. Blocks and trunks of trees, by force of winds and violent tempests torn off by their roots
from the cliffs of Norway, tossed to and fro, and surviving many storms, finally cast upon and coming to rest at this shore.
Q. Huge and marvelously big heaps of ice, brought here by the tide from the frozen sea, making loud and terrible noises. Some pieces are often as big as forty cubits. On some of these, white bears sit together, watching the innocent fish play about in exercise. v.d.Broecke, Ortelius Atlas maps, 161. Koeman Atlantes Neerlandici III: 121



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72 BLAEU, W. Regiones Sub Polo Arctico. Amsterdam, 1640. In attractive strong original colours. Very good condition. 410 x 530 mm.
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¤ One of the many cases of duplication by the firms of Blaeu and Hondius/Jansson. In this case, Blaeu has copied Janssonius's map of 1637. It depicts rhumb lines radiating from the North Pole.
A large title cartouche, with two figures and numerous wind heads, conveniently hides the unknown northwest coast of America. The map is further decorated with several compass roses, ships and an additional cartouche that features men in parkas, a polar bear and foxes.



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73 WIT, F. de. Poli Arctici et circumia centium terrarum descriptio.. Amsterdam, 1660. Beau col. ancien. In attractive original colours with wide margins. Several places underlaid due to oxidation of green part, no paper missing, overall in good condition. 430 x 488 mm.
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¤ A re-issue of the Hondius' plate. A particularly decorative map of the North Pole. The toponamy in Canada reflects the continuing English quest for the Northwest Passage. In the four corners are vignette scenes depicting whaling.



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74 MALLET, A.M. Decouverte de la Groenlande. Paris 1683. Uncoloured. Some age-toning of paper. Minor water staining along upper and right margin. Hardly noticeable brown spots in the center of the map. Else very good condition and dark imprint. 150 x 103 mm.
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¤ An interesting miniature map centred on Iceland and outlining most part of Greenland. Northwest on top. It includes Norway and great part of the British Isles.
The sea is fully engraved and 4 ships are shown heading northwards to the Greenlandic Shores.
From the French text edition of Description d'Univers... By Allain Manneson Mallet (1630-1706), a well travelled military engineer and geographer who worked in 17th century France under King Louis XIV.



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75 BOWEN, E. A Map of Old Greenland or Oster Bygd & Wester Bygd / An Improved Map of Iceland / A Map of the Islands of Ferro / A Draught of the Whirlpool on the South East of Sumbo Rocks London, c.1747. Coloured. Good condition. 327 x 229 mm.
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¤ An unusual copper engraving by E. Bowen from 'A Complete System of Geography'. Featuring four small maps of the North Atlantic Islands Greenland, Iceland and Faroe. A curiosity on the sheet is the great maelstrom that once thought to be roared at the southern tip of Suouroy Island. Each map with it's own compass rose and mileage scale.



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76 WALCH, J. [No Tittle] Nord pol. Augsburg, 1812. In original o/l colours. The paper has age-toning and light spotting. Dark impression. 186 x 186 mm.
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¤ Nice small map of North pole by Johannes Walch in his rare Allgemeiner Atlas Nach den bewährsten Hülfsmitteln und astronomischen Ortsbestimungen…, edition of 1812.
Johann Walch (1757-1824) was cartographer and map publisher active in Augsburg, he was the son-in-law of Johann Martin Will whom he succeeded in 1806.
Tooley lists edition of this Allgemeiner Atlas of 1803, 1808 and 1816, but not this edition of 1812.



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77 DE BOUNGNE, F. Group of watercolours of scenes in Iceland, included are vulcanos like Eyjafjallajokull, Öræfajökull, etc. Iceland, 1933-1944. In original colours. A group of watercolours on paper. Very good condition. Wide margin. 320 x 230 mm.
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¤ A group of water colours made during visits of the artist F. de Boungne to Iceland, amoung them are contemporary artistic impressions of the now world famous vulcano Eyjafjallajokull, among others. Öræfajökull is Icelands largest vulcano.
The water colours do give an very good impression of the colours and atmosphere of Iceland.






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